Method of Offering Eid Salah (Hanafi)

First make the following intention: ‘I intend to offer two Rak’at Salah of Eid-ul-Fitr (or Eid-ul-Adha) with six additional Takbirat, for the sake of Allah عزوجل following this Imam.’

Having made the intention, raise the hands up to the ears, utter اللہ اکبر and then fold the hands below the navel and recite the Šana (سبحنک اللھم وبحمدک —–ولا الہ غیرک).

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Then raise your hands to your ears (Islamic Sister will raise the Hand upto shoulder), utter اللہ اکبر and leave them at sides; then raise hands to ears again, utter اللہ اکبر and leave them at sides; then raise hands to ears once again, utter اللہ اکبر and fold them. In short, hands will be folded after first and fourth Takbir while they will be left at sides after second and third Takbir. In other words, hands will be folded when something is to be recited in Qiyam after Takbir, while they will be left at sides when nothing is to be recited.

(Derived from Durr-e-Mukhtar, Rad-dul-MuEtar, pp. 66, vol. 3).

Then, the Imam is to recite Ta’awwuz (اعوذ باللہ ) and Tasmiyyah (بسم اللہ) in low voice whereas Surah Fatihah (الحمد للہ رب العالمین —) and another Surah will be recited loudly. Thereafter, he will perform Ruku’. In the second Rak’at, the Imam is to first recite Surah Fatihah and another Surah aloud.

After the recitation, the Imam as well as all the Muqtadis (followers) will utter three Takbirat (the Imam would utter loudly and the followers in low voice) raising their hands to the ears each time and leaving them at sides. Then Ruku’ will be performed with the fourth Takbir without raising hands and the rest of the Salah will be completed as per usual method. To stand silent between every two Takbirat for the amount of time in which سبحن اللہ can be uttered thrice is necessary.

(Fatawa ‘Alamgiri, pp. 150, vol. 1)

What to do if somebody misses a part of Eid Jama’at?

If someone joins the Jama’at in the first Rak’at after the Imam had uttered the Takbirat, he should utter the three Takbirat (other than the Takbir-e-Tahrimah:- First اللہ اکبر to start Salah) instantly even if the Imam has commenced recitation. Utter only three Takbirat even though the Imam had uttered more than three Takbirat. If the Imam bent for Ruku before you uttered Takbirat, then don’t utter them in a standing posture. Instead, perform Ruku’ with the Imam and utter the Takbirat in the Ruku. However, if the Imam is in Ruku’ and you think that you can utter the Takbirat and join the Imam in Ruku’, then utter them whilst you are standing, otherwise, utter اللہ اکبر, perform Ruku’ and then utter the Takbirat in Ruku’. If the Imam raises his head from Ruku’ before you finish the Takbirat in Ruku’ then do not utter the remaining Takbirat; they are no longer required.

If you joined the Jama’at after the Imam had performed the Ruku’ then do not utter the Takbirat, utter them when you offer the remaining part of your Salah (after the Imam has performed Salam). Do not raise your hands when uttering the missed Takbirat in Ruku.

If you join the Jama’at in the second Rak’at, then don’t utter the missed Takbirat of the first Rak’at now, instead, utter them when you perform the remaining part of your Slah. Likewise, if you succeed in uttering the Takbirat of the second Rak’at with the Imam, its all right, otherwise, the same ruling as mentioned above with regard to the first Rak’at would apply.

(Derived from Durr-e-Mukhtar & Rad-dul-MuEtar, pp. 55, 56, 57, vol. 3)

What to do if someone misses whole Jama’at?

If someone missed the whole Jama’at of Eid-Salah, whether he couldn’t join the Jama’at at all or his Salah became invalid due to any reason after joining, then if possible, he should join Jama’at elsewhere; otherwise he cannot offer it (without Jama’at). However, it is preferable for him to offer four Rak’at of Chasht Salah.’

(Durr-e-Mukhtar, pp. 58, 59, vol. 3)

Rulings for Eid Sermon

After the Eid Salah, the Imam should deliver two sermons. The acts that are Sunnah for the Jumu’ah sermon are also Sunnah for the Eid sermon. Likewise, the acts that are Makruh for the Jumu’ah sermon are also Makruh for the Eid sermon. There are only two differences between these two sermons. Firstly, it is a Sunnah for the Imam not to sit before the first sermon of Eid Salah whereas Imam’s sitting before first sermon of Jumu’ah is a Sunnah. Secondly, in the Eid sermon, it is a Sunnah for the Imam to recite اللہ اکبر nine times before the first sermon, seven times before the second sermon and fourteen times before coming down from the pulpit while uttering these Takbirat is not Sunnah for Jumu’ah sermon.

(Durr-e-Mukhtar, pp. 57-58, vol. 3 – Bahar-e-Shari’at, pp. 109, part 4)